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You can rename fields in the Data pane. For example, you could rename a field named Customer Segment in the data source to be Business Segment in Tableau. You can also rename user-created fields. Renaming a field does not change the name of the field in the underlying data source, rather it is given a special name that appears only in Tableau workbooks. The changed field name is saved with the workbook as well as when you export the data source. You can rename any type of field: dimensions, measures, sets, or parameters.
Click field name in the Data pane and hold the mouse button down until the field name is shown in an edit box:
You can also press F2 or Ctrl + Enter to make the field name editable.
Type the new name for the field and press Enter.
The field displays with the new name in the Data pane.
If the field you renamed was from the original data source you can click the field name in the Data pane and hold the mouse button down until the field name is shown in the box. At the right of the edit field is a small circular arrow that you can click to restore the original data source field name:
To revert the names of multiple fields that were in the original data source, select them all, right-click, and then choose Reset Names.