Before You Install
This article describes common information that you need to know before you install Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder for yourself or for others in your organization.
To install Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder you will need to purchase a Creator license. This license includes:
Tableau Prep Builder
One Creator license for Tableau Server or Tableau Online
When you purchase a subscription, you receive a welcome email that provides the information that you need to download and install the software. One Creator license activates both Tableau Desktop and Tableau Prep Builder.
If you're looking for a free version of Tableau to publish visualizations to Tableau Public and then share them via social media or embed them on a site or in a blog, try Tableau Desktop Public Edition.
For more information about the different license types available, see User-based licenses in the Tableau Server help.
|Tableau Desktop and Tableau Prep Builder||Computer:||
You can install Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder on a Windows computer or a Mac computer. All computers where you're deploying Tableau Desktop must meet the minimum hardware requirements.
For information about which versions of Windows or Mac are supported, or about memory or disk space requirements, see the Technical Specifications page for Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder.
Note: Tableau Prep Builder is designed to work with Tableau Desktop. It is recommended that you install Tableau Prep Builder on the same machine as Tableau Desktop. Do not install Tableau Prep Builder on the same computer running Tableau Server.
|Tableau Desktop and Tableau Prep Builder||Drivers:||
Some drivers are automatically installed for you when you install Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder. However, some connections might require you to download and install drivers before you can connect to your data. See Database drivers for a list of drivers that are automatically installed.
Tableau Prep Builder can only use 64-bit drivers (unlike Tableau Desktop, which can use 32-bit drivers). If you already have drivers installed, but they are 32-bit, you need to install the 64-bit Tableau Desktop drivers to use with Tableau Prep Builder.
See the Drivers Download page on the Tableau website to get driver download links and installation instructions.
|Tableau Prep Builder||Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encryption certificate configuration (optional)||
To connect to a server that uses SSL, you will need to make sure that the required root certificate is installed on the computer where Tableau Prep Builder is installed.
Work with your IT Department or System Administrator to complete these steps.
For information about how to configure Tableau Server to use SSL encryption, see Configure External SSL.
Verify that there are no duplicate certificates for Tableau Server CA in the Windows certificate store.
Tableau requires internet access for using maps and to perform a license check. Installing Tableau on a computer therefore also means making sure the firewall settings on that computer as well as on your organization's network are configured to allow this internet access. Your network administrator might need to configure firewall and proxy settings. For details, see Internet Access Requirements.
You can run into file compatibility issues when you try to share files between different versions of Tableau Desktop and between Tableau Desktop and Tableau Server and Tableau Online. Make sure that the version of Tableau Desktop you're installing and subsequent updates are compatible with the version of Tableau Server being used.
For the complete story on compatibility between versions of Tableau Desktop and with Tableau Server or Tableau Online, see the Make Workbooks Compatible Between Versions or Version Compatibility with Tableau Online in this guide.
Tableau uses connectors to connect to different databases, and some connectors require drivers to talk to these databases. When it comes to drivers, the easiest approach is to install Tableau Desktop and then try connecting to the data. Tableau installs some drivers by default (details below), and some data sources don't require a driver.
Tableau Prep Builder requires a specific driver to connect to an Oracle database. To download the correct driver, on the Driver Download page, scroll to the bottom of the page and locate the driver for Tableau Prep Builder: <version> to install it.
If you do need to install a driver for your connection, Tableau lets you know the first time you try to connect by displaying a dialog box like the following:
If this error appears, click the link in the error message to go to the Driver Download page on the Tableau website. Follow the instructions for your connector to get the driver you need.
For more information about the different connectors that Tableau Desktop supports, see Connector Examples in the online help.
Database drivers installed with Tableau Desktop and Tableau Prep Builder
When you install Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder on a Windows computer, drivers for the following data source types are automatically installed:
Amazon Redshift (version 1.3.7)
Note: If this driver is already installed, the install process skips this driver.
Microsoft SQL Server (13.0.811.168 - ODBC Driver 13 for SQL Server)
PostgreSQL (version 9.6.5)
When you install Tableau Desktop on a Mac computer, drivers for the following data source types are installed by default:
Amazon Redshift (version 1.3.7)
Oracle (version 18.104.22.168)
PostgreSQL (version 9.5.3)
Simba Spark (version 1.2.5)
Simba SQL Server (version 1.3.14)
If you prefer that some or all of these drivers not be installed, you can customize the list from the Customize pane in the installation program for Tableau Desktop or Tableau Prep Builder.
If you're responsible for deploying or managing Tableau Desktop installations in your organization, it's best practice to manage and track product keys.
Tableau provides three main tools to help you track and manage licensing and usage in your organization: a customer portal, Tableau Desktop license reporting (Tableau Desktop only), and Virtual Desktop Support (Tableau Desktop only).
For more information about managing licenses see Manage Tableau Desktop License Usage.
Update management (Tableau Desktop only)
By default, Tableau Desktop installs dot (maintenance) releases when they become available.
If you want to have more control over which version of Tableau Desktop is installed for users, you can turn off the product update feature for your users. You can also control which version of Tableau Desktop your users can update to.
You can turn product updates off for each Tableau Desktop during the installation process from the customization page on the installer (Windows) or by including a command-line option. This also turns off the Check for Product Updates feature, which allows users to check for and install the most recent Tableau Desktop maintenance updates to their computer at any time. If Tableau Desktop is already installed, you can deploy a registry (or .plist for Mac) update to existing Tableau Desktop clients to manage updates.
For more information about how to control product updates for your users, see Control Product Updates for Tableau Desktop.
Autosave management (Tableau Desktop only)
Autosave automatically saves your user's workbooks every few minutes. In the event that Tableau Desktop stops working, a recovered version of the file that was in progress is created and saved in the same location as the original file or in the user's My Tableau Repository/Workbooks folder. The recovered file is saved as a Tableau Workbook Recovery (.twbr) file. New workbooks are saved with the name "Book1" plus a numeric ID.
The Autosave feature is enabled by default. Users can turn this option on and off from the Help menu under Settings and Performance > Enable Autosave. If you want to disable this feature during installation, you can change the setting for the
AUTOSAVE property. In that case, the Enable Autosave menu option will not be available to the user.
For more information, see Turn off Autosave (Tableau Desktop only).