Before you install...
Note: You can find additional information about technical specifications for Tableau Server on the Tableau web site, here.
This topic includes requirements and recommendations that you must consider before you install Tableau Server into a production environment. If you want to install a single server, or if you want to do a minimal installation for test purposes, refer to our single-server installation guide, Everybody's Install Guide.
If you are deploying Tableau Server in a distributed cluster, review Distributed Requirements in addition to the requirements and recommendations described in this topic.
In addition to the following requirements, you can find technical specifications for Tableau Server on the Tableau web site.
Supported operating systems—Tableau Server is available in a 64-bit version. You can install Tableau Server on Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, or Windows 10. You may install Tableau Server on virtual or physical platforms.
Supported browsers—Tableau Server 10 supports Internet Explorer 11 in native mode, and the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.
This has potential to impact:
Customers installing Tableau Server for the first time on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 (non-R2). For more information, see Internet Explorer Support.
Customers accessing embedded Tableau views in web pages that force Internet Explorer into compatibility mode. For more information, see Internet Explorer Compatibility Mode.
Minimum requirements—The computer you install Tableau Server on must meet or exceed the minimum hardware requirements. Tableau Server will not install if your computer does not meet the minimum requirements.
Minimum requirements are appropriate for testing and prototyping.
For production environments your computers should meet or exceed the minimum recommendations.
For more information, see Minimum Hardware Requirements and Recommendations for Tableau Server.
Administrative account—The account under which you install Tableau Server must have permission to install software and services.
Static IP addresses—Any computer running Tableau Server, whether it's a single server installation or part of a cluster, must have a static IP address. For more information, see Update Configuration for a New IP Address.
Optional and recommended considerations
The following technical specifications may not apply to all scenarios.
Optional: Run As User account—A Run As User account for the Tableau Server service to run under is useful if you’re using NT Authentication with data sources or if you’re planning on doing SQL Server impersonation. For more information, see Run As User and SQL Server Impersonation.
In some organizations, Group Policy or other system management solutions are used to standardize permissions and accounts on application servers. If your organization runs a such a solution, be sure to configure the system to accommodate the folder permissions required by the Run As User account. See Verify Folder Permissions.
IIS and port 80—Our recommendation is to run Tableau Server on a dedicated computer. Running Tableau Server on a computer with other applications may degrade performance. In addition, running Tableau Server with other applications may interfere with ports required by Tableau Sever. Tableau Server's gateway listens on port 80, which is also used by Internet Information Services (IIS) by default. If are installing Tableau Server on a computer that's also running IIS, you should modify the Tableau's gateway port number to avoid conflict with IIS. See Tableau Server Ports and Edit the Default Ports for details.
Antivirus software—Antivirus software that performs full drive scans can interfere with Tableau Server. In some cases, interference from antivirus software will prohibit Tableau Server from starting up. In addition, full scans of active drives where Tableau Sever is installed may impact performance. If you plan to run antivirus software on the computer running Tableau Server, follow the recommendations in the Knowledge Base.
Ports and networking
By default Tableau Server requires several TCP/IP ports to be available to the server. See the topic Tableau Server Ports for the full list, including which ports must be available for all installations vs. distributed installations or failover-ready installations. The default ports can be changed if there is a conflict. See Edit the Default Ports to learn how.
Tableau Server was designed to operate inside a protected internal network. Do not set up Tableau Server directly on the internet or in a DMZ. To provide internet access to Tableau Server we recommend configuring a proxy server. See Configuring Proxies for Tableau Server.
By default, Tableau Server will install on the system drive. The drive where Windows is installed is the system drive. In most cases, the system drive is the C:\ drive. In this default case, Tableau Server will install into the following directories:
C:\Program Files\Tableau\Tableau Server
Non-default installation locations
Rather than install onto the system drive, some organization install applications on a separate drive. During setup (or with automated installation), you can specify a different installation location. If you select a different installation drive or folder location during setup, then the
data directory for Tableau Server will install into the same path. This means that if you install to a non-default location, then the
\ProgramData\Tableau\Tableau Server path will not be created.
For example, installing Tableau Server to the root of a non-system drive (e.g., D:\), results in a single install path:
When you install to a non-default location, you must take the following into consideration:
You may need to configure Run As User permissions manually. If you do not use the predefined local account, NetworkServices, as the Run As User account, then you will need to set permissions for the account that you will be using. You must set these permissions after you install Tableau Server. See Verify Folder Permissions.
Log files are stored at
<installation path or drive>\Tableau\Tableau Server\logs.
C:\ProgramData\Tableau\Tableau Server\datapath in default installation is converted to
<installation path or drive>\Tableau\Tableau Server\data.
You will need to specify the same location when you upgrade to newer versions of Tableau Sever. See Upgrade Tableau Server to a Non-Default Location.
You may need to install additional database drivers. Download drivers from www.tableau.com/support/drivers.
When you install and configure Tableau Server you may be asked for the following information:
|Run As User (service account)||The server must have a user account that the service can use. The default is the built-in Windows Network Service account. If you use a specific user account you’ll need the domain name, user name, and password.||
|Active Directory||Instead of using Tableau’s built-in user management system, you can authenticate through Active Directory. In this scenario, Tableau Server must be installed in a domain in Active Directory. You'll need the fully-qualified domain name for the domain where user accounts are managed.||Active Directory Domain:|
|Open port in Windows firewall||When selected Tableau Server will open the port used for http requests in the Windows Firewall software to allow other machines on your network to access the server.||
__ - Yes
__ - No
What's New and What's Changed
Find out about the new and changed features in Tableau Server:
- See What's New in Tableau Server for information about key new features.
- See What's Changed - Things to Know Before You Upgrade for information about changes that may impact your users.