Tableau Server licenses have two aspects: the license model (term or perpetual) and the license metric (user-based or core-based). Term licenses are user-based, and perpetual licenses are usually core-based.
Tableau offers multiple types of user-based term licenses that grant a range of capabilities at various price points, providing the flexibility for organizations to pay for the data analysis and data visualization capabilities that each type of user in their organization needs. To learn more, see User-based licenses.
License model: term or perpetual
Tableau Server can be licensed under two models: term licensing and a perpetual licensing. Term licenses, also known as subscription licenses, allow you to use and update Tableau Server for a specified period of time.
Perpetual licenses do not expire, so you can continue to use Tableau Server as long as you want. However, to get access to product updates and technical support you must purchase Support and Maintenance services.
License metric: user-based or core-based
In addition to the license model, your license is also defined by the metric that permits use of Tableau Server.
A user-based license metric allows you to deploy Tableau Server on a single computer or on multiple computers in a cluster. Each user that accesses Tableau Server must be licensed. Administrators add users and license them.
A core-based license metric imposes no constraints on the number of user accounts in Tableau Server. Instead, the license specifies the maximum number of computer cores on which you can run Tableau Server. You can install Tableau Server on a single computer or across multiple computers as a multi-node cluster, as long as the total number of cores in all the computers does not exceed the total number that the license allows.
Note: Not all processes installed with Tableau Server impact the calculation of total number of cores used. A subset of processes are considered "licensed processes." Core licensing is calculated only on computers running licensed processes. If a computer has one or more licensed processes installed on it, the cores on that computer count toward the total cores used. For more information about licensed processes, see Licensed processes.
The topics in this section provide guidance about how to view and refresh Tableau licensing, as well as a topic that describes how to add user capacity on Tableau Server.
Note: As a Tableau Server administrator, you may also be tasked with managing Tableau Desktop deployment and tracking license usage on client computers. If your organization will be using Desktop License reporting, you need to configure Tableau Server to support this. For details, see Configure Desktop License Reporting. For additional information on licensing and management tasks related to Tableau Desktop, see the Tableau Desktop Deployment Guide.
Tableau offers user-based term licenses that grant a range of capabilities at various price points. Multiple types of user-based term licenses are available: Viewer, Explorer and Creator. The following capabilities are available to users with these licenses:
- Viewer licenses let users view and interact with workbooks in Tableau Server or Tableau Online. Viewer licenses also let users access Tableau Mobile, add comments to workbooks, download .png and .pdf versions of workbooks, download workbook summary data, create subscriptions and alerts for themselves, and receive data-driven alerts.
- Explorer licenses are equivalent to the user-based term licenses available in previous Tableau Server and Tableau Online releases, and include the capabilities provided with Viewer licenses. Depending on a user’s site role, a user with this license will have access to workbook authoring capabilities using a web browser, as well as a full set of collaboration features.
- Creator licenses grant a wide range of capabilities when using Tableau Server and Tableau Online, and also grant use of Tableau Desktop and Tableau Prep. Server administrators will always use a Creator license, if available. Depending on a user’s site role, a user with a Creator license might have all of the capabilities available under the Explorer license, as well as the following capabilities when using Tableau Server and Tableau Online:
- Create and publish new workbooks from a new data source.
- Edit embedded data sources in the Data pane.
- Create and publish new data connections.
- Create new workbooks using Dashboard Starters (Tableau Online only).
License keys provide administrators with a set of each type of license, which they can activate by assigning associated site roles to users. The first Creator or Explorer license that you add to Tableau Server activates Tableau Server, and will be used by a Server Administrator. Administrators can activate additional Creator, Explorer and Viewer licenses in Tableau Server or Tableau Online to increase licensed user capacity.
Tableau Server licenses and site roles after an upgrade
When upgraded to 2018.1, Tableau Server will display the same licensing information and site roles that it did previously until a new Creator, Explorer or Viewer license is added to the server, with one exception: the Viewer site role from previous versions of Tableau Server and Tableau Online has been renamed to Read Only. The site roles and licenses introduced in the 2018.1 release become available to assign to users when a Creator, Explorer or Viewer license is added to the server.
To learn more about the site roles available with each type of user-based license, see Set Users’ Site Roles. To learn about pricing for each type of user-based license, see Tableau Pricing. To learn about troubleshooting issues with licensing, see Troubleshoot Licensing.